Panchakarma is name derived from a Sanskrit word where Pancha Means Five and Karma means treatment methods. The primary aim of Panchakarma Therapies is to detoxify and purify the body. These five therapeutic treatments remove toxins from the body. These five therapies helps one to remove deep rooted stress and illness causing harmful toxins from the body along with maintaining a proper balancing the doshas.
Panchakarma is divided into 3 parts namely Purvakarma, Pradhankarma and Paschatakarma. Let’s see each in detail:
- Purvakarma-Pre Purification Measures
This is done to prepare the body to let go the toxins. There are two main procedures.
- Snehana(Internal and External Oleation)
For External treatment, Abhyanga oil massage is prescribed in which whole body is massaged with different kinds Ayurvedic oils which helps the toxins to channel towards the gastrointestinal tract. This massage eliminates stress and nourishes the nervous system. Whereas for internal Snehana some ayurvedic – Medicated Ghee is given to take orally.
- Swedana (sweating)
It is administered daily immediately after Abhyanga massage. In this process steam with herbal decoction is given to the body to release the toxins from the individual. It liquefies the toxins and increases the movement of toxins into gastrointestinal Tract.
2.Pradhankarma-Main Purifcation Measure
- Vamana(Emesis therapy)
Vamana is a trained medicated emesis therapy aimed to remove Kapha toxins accumulated in the body and the respiratory tract. This Ayurvedic treatment is therapeutic vomiting, to eliminate the excess Mucus. It is done for bronchitis, cold-cough, asthma, Hay Fever, Chronic Allergies, Chronic Indigestion Nasal Congestion, Hyperacidity, Edema, Obesity, Skin disorders, Psychological disorders etc.
- Virechana(Purgation Therapy)
Virechana is a trained medicated purgation therapy which removes Pitta toxins from the body that are collected in the bladder and liver. It cleanses the gastro-intestinal tract completely. Ayurveda suggest therapeutic purgation for skin problems like Rashes, Biliary Vomiting, Inflammation, acne-pimples and Jaundice, Digestive disorders, Constipation, Headaches, Elephantiasis and Gynecological disorders etc.
- Nasya(Nasal Administration)
Nasya involves use of medicated oil through the nose to cleanse accumulated toxins Kapha in the region of the head and neck. Then specific Ayurvedic oils powder are pushed in nostrils. It is very effective for Sinusitis, Migraine, Headaches, Allergic condition and Rhinitis, neurological dysfunctions, Paraplegia etc.
- Basti(Medicated Oil Enemas)
Basti is called as the mother of all Panchakarma treatments. It clears all the accumulated toxins from the 3 doshas namely Kapha Vata, and Pitta, through the colon. Medicated oil or ghee and an herbal decoction is given as enema to cleanse the colon. In this therapy medicated herbal oil is introduced into the Rectum. Benefits of basti include Hemiplegia, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Constipation, Colitis, Obesity, Piles, and Backache & Sciatica, and Sexual Debility & Infertility, Convalescence, Digestive disorders, Hepatomegaly & Splenomegaly.
3. Paschata Karma – Post Purification Measures
Here some changes in lifestyle and diet is recommended after main purification course of Panchakarma. Some Ayurvedic internal medicines are also recommended to be taken for different ailments for prescribed duration.